Joao Rezende-Neto


Associate Scientist, Keenan Research Centre for Biomedical Science


Dr. Rezende Neto is a General/Trauma Acute care surgeon at St. Michael’s Hospital. He received his MD degree from the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil. After completing residency in General Surgery and Trauma in Brazil, Dr. Rezende undertook a Trauma/Critical Care Fellowship at Boston University in the United States. He received his PhD from the Federal University of Minas Gerais sandwich program with the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center – Denver. He also completed a Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship at the University of Toronto. He has performed over 10000 surgical procedures during his 25 years as a surgeon.

Dr. Rezende Neto has two main lines of research and several publications. His basic science focus is on the inflammatory response to traumatic injuries and hemorrhage. He developed several animal models aimed at maintaining clinical relevance in the investigation of inflammation and coagulopathy in hemorrhagic shock. He is currently investigating novel strategies to modulate inflammation following trauma. In addition to his basic science focus, Dr. Rezende Neto is an inventor of medical devices. He currently holds three patents on surgical devices, a provisional patent, and filed for another patent. His device to perform abdominal wall closure is currently under consideration for commercialization.

Recent Publications

  1. Ley, EJ, Leonard, SD, Barmparas, G, Dhillon, NK, Inaba, K, Salim, A et al.. Beta blockers in critically ill patients with traumatic brain injury: Results from a multicenter, prospective, observational American Association for the Surgery of Trauma study. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018;84 (2):234-244. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001747. PubMed PMID:29251711 .
  2. Bagai, A, Lu, J, Al-Amro, B, Rezende-Neto, J, Prabhudesai, V, Ackery, AD et al.. Management of right coronary artery fistula caused by nail gun trauma. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 2016;152 (6):e139-e141. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2016.07.086. PubMed PMID:27720262 .
  3. Chia, TL, Chesney, TR, Isa, D, Mnatzakanian, G, Colak, E, Belmont, C et al.. Thrombocytosis in splenic trauma: In-hospital course and association with venous thromboembolism. Injury. 2017;48 (1):142-147. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2016.07.016. PubMed PMID:27451291 .
  4. Rezende-Neto, J, Rice, T, Abreu, ES, Rotstein, O, Rizoli, S. Anatomical, physiological, and logistical indications for the open abdomen: a proposal for a new classification system. World J Emerg Surg. 2016;11 :28. doi: 10.1186/s13017-016-0083-4. PubMed PMID:27307788 PubMed Central PMC4908692.
  5. de Abreu, EM, Machado, CJ, Pastore Neto, M, de Rezende Neto, JB, Sanches, MD. The impact of a chest tube management protocol on the outcome of trauma patients with tube thoracostomy. Rev Col Bras Cir. ;42 (4):231-7. doi: 10.1590/0100-69912015004007. PubMed PMID:26517798 .
  6. Pastore Neto, M, Resende, V, Machado, CJ, de Abreu, EM, de Rezende Neto, JB, Sanches, MD et al.. Associated factors to empyema in post-traumatic hemotorax. Rev Col Bras Cir. ;42 (4):224-30. doi: 10.1590/0100-69912015004006. PubMed PMID:26517797 .
  7. Rezende-Neto, JB, Angarita, FA, Rizoli, SB, Rotstein, OD. Modified triple-layer peritoneal-aponeurotic transposition: A new strategy to close the "open abdomen". J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015;79 (4):694-7. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000000817. PubMed PMID:26402547 .
  8. Rezende-Neto, JB, Rodrigues, GP, Lisboa, TA, Carvalho-Junior, M, Silva, MJ, Andrade, MV et al.. Fresh frozen plasma: red blood cells (1:2) coagulation effect is equivalent to 1:1 and whole blood. J. Surg. Res. 2015;199 (2):608-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2015.06.019. PubMed PMID:26163331 .
  9. Carreiro, PR, Rezende-Neto, JB, Lisboa, Tde A, Ribeiro, DD, Camargos, ER, Andrade, MV et al.. Clotting factor XIII and desmopressin improve hemostasis in uncontrolled bleeding. Acta Cir Bras. 2015;30 (3):170-7. doi: 10.1590/S0102-865020150030000002. PubMed PMID:25790004 .
  10. Ziesmann, MT, Alotaiby, N, Al Abbasi, T, Rezende-Neto, JB. Gallstone ileus obstructing within an incarcerated lumbar hernia: an unusual presentation of a rare diagnosis. BMJ Case Rep. 2014;2014 :. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2014-208213. PubMed PMID:25471112 PubMed Central PMC4256599.
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Surgeon, Division of General Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto
  • Trauma and Acute Care Surgery Program