Karen Burns

MD, FRCPC, MSc ,BA, BSc

Scientist

Biography

Dr. Karen Burns practices critical care medicine at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto. She is an Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Toronto, a Clinician Scientists at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, and an Associate Member of the Department of Clinical Epidemiology (McMaster University).

Dr. Burns’ research program focuses on evaluation strategies to liberate critically ill patients from mechanical ventilation and characterizing practice variation in weaning critically ill adults from ventilators. Her research program includes large scale observational studies, national and international weaning surveys, meta-analyses, and randomized trials comparing different weaning strategies. She also has developed a research program to characterize the unique aspects of the consent processes in critical care. Additional research interests include the use of artificial intelligence in weaning, helmet NIV, acute kidney injury in the intensive care unit, using noninvasive positive pressure ventilation as a weaning strategy, and methodology issues related to study design, implementation and reporting.

Dr. Burns has been the recipient of several personnel awards including a Canadian Institutes of Health Research Clinician Scientist Award, a Ministry of Research and Innovation Award, PSI – mid career research award, and two University of Toronto Merritt Committee Awards.

Dr. Burns is an Executive Member of the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group, a Treasurer of the Canadian Critical Care Society, and the current Chair of the Women in Critical Care Interest Group for the American Thoracic Society.

Recent Publications

  1. Pelosi, P, Ball, L, Barbas, CSV, Bellomo, R, Burns, KEA, Einav, S et al.. Personalized mechanical ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Crit Care. 2021;25 (1):250. doi: 10.1186/s13054-021-03686-3. PubMed PMID:34271958 PubMed Central PMC8284184.
  2. Fiest, KM, Krewulak, KD, Hiploylee, C, Bagshaw, SM, Burns, KEA, Cook, DJ et al.. An environmental scan of visitation policies in Canadian intensive care units during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Can J Anaesth. 2021; :. doi: 10.1007/s12630-021-02049-4. PubMed PMID:34195922 PubMed Central PMC8244673.
  3. Trivedi, V, Chaudhuri, D, Jinah, R, Piticaru, J, Agarwal, A, Liu, K et al.. The Utility of the Rapid Shallow Breathing Index in Predicting Successful Extubation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Chest. 2021; :. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.06.030. PubMed PMID:34181953 .
  4. Beaubien-Souligny, W, Yang, Y, Burns, KEA, Friedrich, JO, Meraz-Muñoz, A, Clark, EG et al.. Intra-dialytic hypotension following the transition from continuous to intermittent renal replacement therapy. Ann Intensive Care. 2021;11 (1):96. doi: 10.1186/s13613-021-00885-7. PubMed PMID:34146164 PubMed Central PMC8214642.
  5. Burns, KEA, Pattani, R, Lorens, E, Straus, SE, Hawker, GA. The impact of organizational culture on professional fulfillment and burnout in an academic department of medicine. PLoS One. 2021;16 (6):e0252778. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0252778. PubMed PMID:34106959 PubMed Central PMC8189486.
  6. Han, JE, Burns, KEA, Dodek, PM, Mehta, S. Improving Diversity in Activities of Critical Care Societies: Missed Opportunities Due to Missing Data. Chest. 2021;159 (4):1334-1337. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2020.12.006. PubMed PMID:34021995 .
  7. Vincent, JL, Juffermans, NP, Burns, KEA, Ranieri, VM, Pourzitaki, C, Rubulotta, F et al.. Addressing gender imbalance in intensive care. Crit Care. 2021;25 (1):147. doi: 10.1186/s13054-021-03569-7. PubMed PMID:33863353 PubMed Central PMC8051087.
  8. Armstrong, VM, Burns, KEA. Does a Speaker Gender Gap Exist in Symposia Presentations within the Critical Care Assembly at the ATS Conference?. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2021; :. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202012-1478RL. PubMed PMID:33848445 .
  9. Burns, KEA, Rizvi, L, Cook, DJ, Lebovic, G, Dodek, P, Villar, J et al.. Ventilator Weaning and Discontinuation Practices for Critically Ill Patients. JAMA. 2021;325 (12):1173-1184. doi: 10.1001/jama.2021.2384. PubMed PMID:33755077 PubMed Central PMC7988370.
  10. Agarwal, A, Fernando, SM, Honarmand, K, Bakaa, L, Brar, S, Granton, D et al.. Risk of dispersion or aerosol generation and infection transmission with nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs for detection of COVID-19: a systematic review. BMJ Open. 2021;11 (3):e040616. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040616. PubMed PMID:33737418 PubMed Central PMC7977073.
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Clinician Scientist, Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, St Michael’s Hospital
  • Clinician Scientist, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
  • Assistant Professor, Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Chair, Medical Surgical ICU Knowledge Translation Committee, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Organizing Member, Critical Care Continuing Medical Education Committee, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Member, Organ Donation and Transplantation Committee, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Certification (critical care), University of Western Ontario
  • Member, ACCADEMY (McMaster University)
  • Member, Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
  • Reviewer for several critical care and respirology journals
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