Laurent J. Brochard

MD, HDR

Scientist, Keenan Research Centre for Biomedical Science

Biography

Research Interests

Mechanical ventilation, acute respiratory failure, patient-ventilator interaction, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Research Activities

Bench models: simulation of patient-ventilator interaction; performance assessment of mechanical ventilators and related devices.

Bench experimental studies: collaboration with several groups on acute lung injury
Physiological studies in critically ill patients (respiratory mechanics, respiratory muscle activity, sleep, etc.)
Epidemiological studies on mechanical ventilation
Randomized clinical trials on mechanical ventilation

Recent Publications

  1. Granton, D, Chaudhuri, D, Wang, D, Einav, S, Helviz, Y, Mauri, T et al.. High-Flow Nasal Cannula Compared With Conventional Oxygen Therapy or Noninvasive Ventilation Immediately Postextubation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Crit. Care Med. 2020; :. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000004576. PubMed PMID:32947472 .
  2. Grieco, DL, Bongiovanni, F, Chen, L, Menga, LS, Cutuli, SL, Pintaudi, G et al.. Respiratory physiology of COVID-19-induced respiratory failure compared to ARDS of other etiologies. Crit Care. 2020;24 (1):529. doi: 10.1186/s13054-020-03253-2. PubMed PMID:32859264 PubMed Central PMC7453378.
  3. Dianti, J, Matelski, J, Tisminetzky, M, Walkey, AJ, Munshi, L, Del Sorbo, L et al.. Comparing the Effects of Tidal Volume, Driving Pressure, and Mechanical Power on Mortality in Trials of Lung-Protective Mechanical Ventilation. Respir Care. 2020; :. doi: 10.4187/respcare.07876. PubMed PMID:32843513 .
  4. Jonkman, AH, Katira, BH, Schreiber, A, Lu, C, Engelberts, D, Vieira, F et al.. A GAS-POWERED, PATIENT-RESPONSIVE AUTOMATIC RESUSCITATOR FOR USE IN ACUTE RESPIRATORY FAILURE: A BENCH AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY. Respir Care. 2020; :. doi: 10.4187/respcare.08296. PubMed PMID:32817445 .
  5. Rodriguez, PO, Tiribelli, N, Fredes, S, Gogniat, E, Plotnikow, G, Ceballos, IF et al.. Prevalence of Reverse Triggering in Early ARDS: Results from a Multicenter Observational Study. Chest. 2020; :. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2020.08.018. PubMed PMID:32805238 .
  6. Tatham, KC, Ko, M, Palozzi, L, Lapinsky, SE, Brochard, LJ, Goligher, EC et al.. Helmet interface increases lung volumes at equivalent ventilator pressures compared to the face mask interface during non-invasive ventilation. Crit Care. 2020;24 (1):504. doi: 10.1186/s13054-020-03216-7. PubMed PMID:32799912 PubMed Central PMC7429129.
  7. Mukhopadhyay, SK, Zara, M, Telias, I, Chen, L, Coudroy, R, Yoshida, T et al.. A Singular Spectrum Analysis-Based Data-Driven Technique for the Removal of Cardiogenic Oscillations in Esophageal Pressure Signals. IEEE J Transl Eng Health Med. 2020;8 :3300211. doi: 10.1109/JTEHM.2020.3012926. PubMed PMID:32782854 PubMed Central PMC7413324.
  8. Jonkman, AH, Rauseo, M, Carteaux, G, Telias, I, Sklar, MC, Heunks, L et al.. Proportional modes of ventilation: technology to assist physiology. Intensive Care Med. 2020; :. doi: 10.1007/s00134-020-06206-z. PubMed PMID:32780167 PubMed Central PMC7417783.
  9. Adler, D, Cavalot, G, Brochard, L. Comorbidities and Readmissions in Survivors of Acute Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2020; :. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1710074. PubMed PMID:32746468 .
  10. Dianti, J, Angriman, F, Ferreyro, BL, Sklar, MC, Brochard, L, Ferguson, ND et al.. Association of Mortality with Neuromuscular Blockade Differs According to Baseline Diaphragm Thickness. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2020; :. doi: 10.1164/rccm.202004-1157LE. PubMed PMID:32717150 .
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Physician, Critical Care Department, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Keenan Chair in Critical Care and Respiratory Medicine, St. Michael’s Hospital and University of Toronto
  • Head, Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto
  • Deputy Editor of the American Journal Of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
  • Head of the PLUG Working Group on pleural pressure (ESICM)
  • Former Head and Member of the REVA (European Research Network on Mechanical Ventilation)
  • Member of the Canadian Critical Care Trial Group
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