Laurent J. Brochard

MD, HDR

Scientist, Keenan Research Centre for Biomedical Science

Biography

Research Interests

Mechanical ventilation, acute respiratory failure, patient-ventilator interaction, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Research Activities

Bench models: simulation of patient-ventilator interaction; performance assessment of mechanical ventilators and related devices.

Bench experimental studies: collaboration with several groups on acute lung injury
Physiological studies in critically ill patients (respiratory mechanics, respiratory muscle activity, sleep, etc.)
Epidemiological studies on mechanical ventilation
Randomized clinical trials on mechanical ventilation

Recent Publications

  1. Brochard, L, Bersten, A. Mechanical Power: A Biomarker for the Lung?. Anesthesiology. 2018; :. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000002505. PubMed PMID:30383544 .
  2. van Haren, F, Pham, T, Brochard, L, Bellani, G, Laffey, J, Dres, M et al.. Spontaneous Breathing in Early Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Insights From the Large Observational Study to UNderstand the Global Impact of Severe Acute Respiratory FailurE Study. Crit. Care Med. 2018; :. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003519. PubMed PMID:30379668 .
  3. Adler, D, Dupuis-Lozeron, E, Janssens, JP, Soccal, PM, Lador, F, Brochard, L et al.. Obstructive sleep apnea in patients surviving acute hypercapnic respiratory failure is best predicted by static hyperinflation. PLoS ONE. 2018;13 (10):e0205669. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0205669. PubMed PMID:30359410 .
  4. Grieco, DL, Brochard, L, Drouet, A, Telias, I, Delisle, S, Bronchti, G et al.. Intrathoracic Airway Closure Impacts CO2 Signal and Delivered Ventilation During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2018; :. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201806-1111OC. PubMed PMID:30257100 .
  5. Chen, L, Del Sorbo, L, Fan, E, Brochard, L. Reply to: Expiratory Flow Limitation and Airway Closure in Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2018; :. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201808-1504LE. PubMed PMID:30256655 .
  6. Sklar, MC, Dres, M, Rittayamai, N, West, B, Grieco, DL, Telias, I et al.. High-flow nasal oxygen versus noninvasive ventilation in adult patients with cystic fibrosis: a randomized crossover physiological study. Ann Intensive Care. 2018;8 (1):85. doi: 10.1186/s13613-018-0432-4. PubMed PMID:30187270 PubMed Central PMC6125258.
  7. Honorio, T, Brochard, L, Vandamme, M, Lebée, A. Flexibility of nanolayers and stacks: implications in the nanostructuration of clays. Soft Matter. 2018;14 (36):7354-7367. doi: 10.1039/c8sm01359d. PubMed PMID:30187051 .
  8. Brochard, L, Kavanagh, BP. Declaration of conflicts of interest: a 'crooked' line towards scientific integrity. Intensive Care Med. 2018;44 (10):1732-1734. doi: 10.1007/s00134-018-5358-7. PubMed PMID:30178137 .
  9. Mauri, T, Foti, G, Fornari, C, Constantin, JM, Guerin, C, Pelosi, P et al.. Pressure support ventilation + sigh in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure patients: study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial, the PROTECTION trial. Trials. 2018;19 (1):460. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2828-8. PubMed PMID:30157955 PubMed Central PMC6114230.
  10. Abe, T, Madotto, F, Pham, T, Nagata, I, Uchida, M, Tamiya, N et al.. Epidemiology and patterns of tracheostomy practice in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome in ICUs across 50 countries. Crit Care. 2018;22 (1):195. doi: 10.1186/s13054-018-2126-6. PubMed PMID:30115127 PubMed Central PMC6097245.
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Physician, Critical Care Department, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Keenan Chair in Critical Care and Respiratory Medicine, St. Michael’s Hospital and University of Toronto
  • Head, Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto
  • Deputy Editor of the American Journal Of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
  • Head of the PLUG Working Group on pleural pressure (ESICM)
  • Former Head and Member of the REVA (European Research Network on Mechanical Ventilation)
  • Member of the Canadian Critical Care Trial Group
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