Nancy Baxter


Scientist, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute


Dr. Nancy Baxter is a General Surgeon and Chief of the General Surgery Department at St. Michael’s Hospital. She is a Scientist in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital and is a Professor of Surgery at the University of Toronto. She holds the position of Associate Dean, Academic Affairs at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health as well as being the GI Endoscopy Lead for Cancer Care Ontario. She is also Full Professor in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHMPE). Dr. Baxter is a Full Member of both the Institute of Medical Sciences (IMS) and School of Graduate Studies (SGS). She holds a Senior Scientist role in the Cancer Theme Group at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences

Her main research interests are in the evaluation of patterns of cancer care, the evaluation of cancer screening, determining the long-term consequences of cancer care for survivors and improving the quality and safety of surgery. She has published over 170 peer reviewed articles and has extensive experience in the use of large administrative data and cancer registry data from both Canada and the United States.


Recent Publications

  1. Acuna, SA, Chesney, TR, Ramjist, JK, Shah, PS, Kennedy, ED, Baxter, NN et al.. Laparoscopic Versus Open Resection for Rectal Cancer: A Noninferiority Meta-analysis of Quality of Surgical Resection Outcomes. Ann. Surg. 2018; :. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003072. PubMed PMID:30339624 .
  2. Palter, VN, Baker, NA, Pollett, A, Daly, C, Facey, M, Rotenberg, C et al.. Learning by Example: An International Perspective on Reflex-Testing for Lynch Syndrome. Ann. Surg. Oncol. 2018; :. doi: 10.1245/s10434-018-6809-7. PubMed PMID:30276639 .
  3. Acuna, SA, Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. Frequency of Misinterpretation of Inconclusive Noninferiority Trials: The Case of the Laparoscopic vs Open Resection for Rectal Cancer Trials. JAMA Surg. 2018; :. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2018.3222. PubMed PMID:30267066 .
  4. Kennedy, ED, Borowiec, AM, Schmocker, S, Cho, C, Brierley, J, Li, S et al.. Patient and Physician Preferences for Nonoperative Management for Low Rectal Cancer: Is It a Reasonable Treatment Option?. Dis. Colon Rectum. 2018;61 (11):1281-1289. doi: 10.1097/DCR.0000000000001166. PubMed PMID:30239397 .
  5. Dossa, F, Morris, AM, Wilson, AR, Baxter, NN. Life After Surgery: Surgeon Assessments of Quality of Life Among Patients With Familial Adenomatous Polyposis. Dis. Colon Rectum. 2018;61 (10):1217-1222. doi: 10.1097/DCR.0000000000001146. PubMed PMID:30192330 .
  6. Dossa, F, Cusimano, MC, Sutradhar, R, Metcalfe, K, Little, T, Lerner-Ellis, J et al.. Real-world health services utilisation and outcomes after BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing in Ontario, Canada: the What Comes Next Cohort Study protocol. BMJ Open. 2018;8 (9):e025317. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025317. PubMed PMID:30181190 PubMed Central PMC6129086.
  7. Tinmouth, J, Sutradhar, R, Liu, N, Baxter, NN, Paszat, L, Rabeneck, L et al.. Validation of 5 key colonoscopy-related data elements from Ontario health administrative databases compared to the clinical record: a cross-sectional study. CMAJ Open. ;6 (3):E330-E338. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20180013. PubMed PMID:30104417 .
  8. Acuna, SA, Chesney, TR, Amarasekera, ST, Baxter, NN. Defining Non-inferiority Margins for Quality of Surgical Resection for Rectal Cancer: A Delphi Consensus Study. Ann. Surg. Oncol. 2018;25 (11):3171-3178. doi: 10.1245/s10434-018-6639-7. PubMed PMID:30051366 .
  9. Zhang, DDQ, Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. How to Combat the Opioid Epidemic, 1 Nudge at a Time. JAMA Surg. 2018; :. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2018.2084. PubMed PMID:30027218 .
  10. Lega, IC, Pole, JD, Austin, PC, Lau, C, Nathan, PC, Baxter, NN et al.. Diabetes Risk in Childhood Cancer Survivors: A Population-Based Study. Can J Diabetes. 2018;42 (5):533-539. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2018.01.004. PubMed PMID:29937232 .
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Surgeon and Division Chief, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Professor, Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto
  • Senior Scientist, Cancer Theme Group, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
  • Full Member, Institute of Medical Science