Nancy Baxter


Scientist, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute


Dr. Nancy Baxter is a Colorectal Surgeon in the division of General Surgery at St. Michael’s Hospital. She is a Scientist in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital and a Professor of Surgery at the University of Toronto. She holds the position of Associate Dean, Academic Affairs at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health as well as being the GI Endoscopy Lead for Cancer Care Ontario. She is also Full Professor in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHMPE). Dr. Baxter is a Full Member of both the Institute of Medical Sciences (IMS) and School of Graduate Studies (SGS). She holds a Senior Scientist role in the Cancer Theme Group at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences

Her main research interests are in the evaluation of patterns of cancer care, the evaluation of cancer screening, determining the long-term consequences of cancer care for survivors and improving the quality and safety of surgery. She has published over 200 peer reviewed articles and has extensive experience in the use of large administrative data and cancer registry data from both Canada and the United States.

Please note: Dr. Baxter is currently not accepting students.

Recent Publications

  1. Sapisochin, G, Muaddi, H, Baxter, NN, Stukel, TA, Lawless, B, Urbach, DR et al.. Implementation of Critical Care Response Teams in Ontario: Impact on the Outcomes of Surgical Patients. Ann Surg. 2020; :. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000004629. PubMed PMID:33214471 .
  2. Paszat, LF, Sutradhar, R, Luo, J, Baxter, NN, Tinmouth, J, Rabeneck, L et al.. Morbidity and mortality after major large bowel resection of non-malignant polyp among participants in a population-based screening program. J Med Screen. 2020; :969141320967960. doi: 10.1177/0969141320967960. PubMed PMID:33153368 .
  3. Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. Should Complex Cancer Patients Requiring High-Risk Surgery Shoot for the Stars?. JNCI Cancer Spectr. 2020;4 (5):pkaa061. doi: 10.1093/jncics/pkaa061. PubMed PMID:33134835 PubMed Central PMC7583161.
  4. Cusimano, MC, Baxter, NN, Sutradhar, R, Ray, JG, Garg, AX, McArthur, E et al.. Reproductive patterns, pregnancy outcomes and parental leave practices of women physicians in Ontario, Canada: the Dr Mom Cohort Study protocol. BMJ Open. 2020;10 (10):e041281. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041281. PubMed PMID:33087379 PubMed Central PMC7580071.
  5. Retrouvey, H, Webster, F, Zhong, T, Gagliardi, AR, Baxter, NN. Cross-sectional analysis of bibliometrics and altmetrics: comparing the impact of qualitative and quantitative articles in the British Medical Journal. BMJ Open. 2020;10 (10):e040950. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040950. PubMed PMID:33087378 PubMed Central PMC7580064.
  6. Gomez, D, Saunders, N, Greene, B, Santiago, R, Ahmed, N, Baxter, NN et al.. Firearm-related injuries and deaths in Ontario, Canada, 2002-2016: a population-based study. CMAJ. 2020;192 (42):E1253-E1263. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.200722. PubMed PMID:33077520 PubMed Central PMC7588199.
  7. Bogach, J, Wright, FC, Austin, J, Cheng, SY, Diong, C, Sutradhar, R et al.. Medical Immunosuppression and Outcomes in Cutaneous Melanoma: A Population-Based Cohort Study. Ann Surg Oncol. 2020; :. doi: 10.1245/s10434-020-09224-9. PubMed PMID:33067747 .
  8. Dossa, F, Sutradhar, R, Saskin, R, Hsieh, E, Henry, P, Richardson, DP et al.. Clinical and endoscopist factors associated with post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer in a population-based sample. Colorectal Dis. 2020; :. doi: 10.1111/codi.15400. PubMed PMID:33058360 .
  9. Arora, A, Kaur, Y, Dossa, F, Nisenbaum, R, Little, D, Baxter, NN et al.. Proportion of Female Speakers at Academic Medical Conferences Across Multiple Specialties and Regions. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3 (9):e2018127. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18127. PubMed PMID:32986107 PubMed Central PMC7522699.
  10. Roberts, A, Baxter, NN, Sutradhar, R, Lau, C, Zhong, T. Reoperation cascade in postmastectomy breast reconstruction and its associated factors: Results from a long-term population-based study. J Surg Oncol. 2020; :. doi: 10.1002/jso.26166. PubMed PMID:32964476 .
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Surgeon, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Professor, Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto
  • Senior Scientist, Cancer Theme Group, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
  • Full Member, Institute of Medical Science