Nancy Baxter


Scientist, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute


Dr. Nancy Baxter is a General Surgeon and Chief of the General Surgery Department at St. Michael’s Hospital. She is a Scientist in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital and is a Professor of Surgery at the University of Toronto. She holds the position of Associate Dean, Academic Affairs at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health as well as being the GI Endoscopy Lead for Cancer Care Ontario. She is also Full Professor in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHMPE). Dr. Baxter is a Full Member of both the Institute of Medical Sciences (IMS) and School of Graduate Studies (SGS). She holds a Senior Scientist role in the Cancer Theme Group at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences

Her main research interests are in the evaluation of patterns of cancer care, the evaluation of cancer screening, determining the long-term consequences of cancer care for survivors and improving the quality and safety of surgery. She has published over 200 peer reviewed articles and has extensive experience in the use of large administrative data and cancer registry data from both Canada and the United States.


Recent Publications

  1. Zhang, DDQ, Sussman, J, Dossa, F, Jivraj, N, Ladha, K, Brar, S et al.. A Systematic Review of Behavioral Interventions to Decrease Opioid Prescribing After Surgery. Ann. Surg. 2019; :. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003483. PubMed PMID:31356268 .
  2. Merchant, SJ, Brogly, SB, Booth, CM, Goldie, C, Peng, Y, Nanji, S et al.. Management of Cancer-Associated Intestinal Obstruction in the Final Year of Life. J Palliat Care. 2019; :825859719861935. doi: 10.1177/0825859719861935. PubMed PMID:31307272 .
  3. Cusimano, MC, Baxter, NN, Gien, LT, Moineddin, R, Liu, N, Dossa, F et al.. Impact of surgical approach on oncologic outcomes in women undergoing radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 2019; :. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.07.009. PubMed PMID:31288006 .
  4. Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. Implicit Bias in Surgery-Hiding in Plain Sight. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2 (7):e196535. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6535. PubMed PMID:31276172 .
  5. Cusimano, MC, Simpson, AN, Han, A, Hayeems, R, Bernardini, MQ, Robertson, D et al.. Barriers to care for women with low-grade endometrial cancer and morbid obesity: a qualitative study. BMJ Open. 2019;9 (6):e026872. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026872. PubMed PMID:31248922 PubMed Central PMC6597640.
  6. Dossa, F, Moore, SE, Baxter, NN. Looking Forward, Not Backward, on Watch and Wait for Rectal Cancer. JAMA Oncol. 2019; :. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.1867. PubMed PMID:31246247 .
  7. Acuna, SA, Chesney, TR, Baxter, NN. Incorporating Patient Preferences in Noninferiority Trials. JAMA. 2019; :. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.7059. PubMed PMID:31233092 .
  8. Speller, B, Micic, S, Daly, C, Pi, L, Little, T, Baxter, NN et al.. Oncofertility Decision Support Resources for Women of Reproductive Age: Systematic Review. JMIR Cancer. 2019;5 (1):e12593. doi: 10.2196/12593. PubMed PMID:31199289 PubMed Central PMC6592478.
  9. Acuna, SA, Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. The end of the Hartmann's era for perforated diverticulitis. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019;4 (8):573-575. doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(19)30182-7. PubMed PMID:31178341 .
  10. Park, CK, Fung, K, Austin, PC, Kim, SJ, Singer, LG, Baxter, NN et al.. Incidence and Risk Factors of Keratinocyte Carcinoma After First Solid Organ Transplant in Ontario, Canada. JAMA Dermatol. 2019; :. doi: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2019.0692. PubMed PMID:31116351 PubMed Central PMC6537781.
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Surgeon and Division Chief, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Professor, Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto
  • Senior Scientist, Cancer Theme Group, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
  • Full Member, Institute of Medical Science