Nancy Baxter


Affiliate Scientist


Dr. Nancy Baxter is a Colorectal Surgeon in the division of General Surgery at St. Michael’s Hospital. She is a Scientist in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital and a Professor of Surgery at the University of Toronto. She holds the position of Associate Dean, Academic Affairs at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health as well as being the GI Endoscopy Lead for Cancer Care Ontario. She is also Full Professor in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHMPE). Dr. Baxter is a Full Member of both the Institute of Medical Sciences (IMS) and School of Graduate Studies (SGS). She holds a Senior Scientist role in the Cancer Theme Group at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences

Her main research interests are in the evaluation of patterns of cancer care, the evaluation of cancer screening, determining the long-term consequences of cancer care for survivors and improving the quality and safety of surgery. She has published over 200 peer reviewed articles and has extensive experience in the use of large administrative data and cancer registry data from both Canada and the United States.

Please note: Dr. Baxter is currently not accepting students.

Recent Publications

  1. Degeling, K, Baxter, NN, Emery, J, Jenkins, MA, Franchini, F, Gibbs, P et al.. An inverse stage-shift model to estimate the excess mortality and health economic impact of delayed access to cancer services due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol. 2021; :. doi: 10.1111/ajco.13505. PubMed PMID:33567163 PubMed Central PMC8014813.
  2. Gupta, S, Baxter, NN, Sutradhar, R, Pole, JD, Nagamuthu, C, Lau, C et al.. Adolescents and young adult acute myeloid leukemia outcomes at pediatric versus adult centers: A population-based study. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2021; :e28939. doi: 10.1002/pbc.28939. PubMed PMID:33559361 .
  3. Mocanu, V, Fathimani, K, Baxter, NN. Intersection of Race and Gender in Surgical Training-Reply. JAMA Surg. 2021; :. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6951. PubMed PMID:33533882 .
  4. Sawka, AM, Ghai, S, Ihekire, O, Jones, JM, Gafni, A, Baxter, NN et al.. Decision-making in Surgery or Active Surveillance for Low Risk Papillary Thyroid Cancer During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Cancers (Basel). 2021;13 (3):. doi: 10.3390/cancers13030371. PubMed PMID:33498497 PubMed Central PMC7864172.
  5. Dossa, F, Megetto, O, Yakubu, M, Zhang, DDQ, Baxter, NN. Sedation practices for routine gastrointestinal endoscopy: a systematic review of recommendations. BMC Gastroenterol. 2021;21 (1):22. doi: 10.1186/s12876-020-01561-z. PubMed PMID:33413147 PubMed Central PMC7792218.
  6. Cusimano, MC, Moineddin, R, Chiu, M, Ferguson, SE, Aktar, S, Liu, N et al.. Practice variation in bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at benign abdominal hysterectomy: a population-based study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020; :. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2020.12.1206. PubMed PMID:33359174 .
  7. Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. Postcolonoscopy colorectal cancer: in defence of quality. Colorectal Dis. 2020; :. doi: 10.1111/codi.15493. PubMed PMID:33319457 .
  8. Sapisochin, G, Muaddi, H, Baxter, NN, Stukel, TA, Lawless, B, Urbach, DR et al.. Implementation of Critical Care Response Teams in Ontario: Impact on the Outcomes of Surgical Patients. Ann Surg. 2020; :. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000004629. PubMed PMID:33214471 .
  9. Paszat, LF, Sutradhar, R, Luo, J, Baxter, NN, Tinmouth, J, Rabeneck, L et al.. Morbidity and mortality after major large bowel resection of non-malignant polyp among participants in a population-based screening program. J Med Screen. 2020; :969141320967960. doi: 10.1177/0969141320967960. PubMed PMID:33153368 .
  10. Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. Should Complex Cancer Patients Requiring High-Risk Surgery Shoot for the Stars?. JNCI Cancer Spectr. 2020;4 (5):pkaa061. doi: 10.1093/jncics/pkaa061. PubMed PMID:33134835 PubMed Central PMC7583161.
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Surgeon, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Professor, Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto
  • Senior Scientist, Cancer Theme Group, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
  • Full Member, Institute of Medical Science