Nancy Baxter


Scientist, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute


Dr. Nancy Baxter is a General Surgeon and Chief of the General Surgery Department at St. Michael’s Hospital. She is a Scientist in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital and is a Professor of Surgery at the University of Toronto. She is also an Associate Professor in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHMPE). Dr. Baxter is a Full Member of both the Institute of Medical Sciences (IMS) and School of Graduate Studies (SGS). She holds a Senior Scientist role in the Cancer Theme Group at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences

Her main research interests are in the evaluation of patterns of cancer care, the evaluation of cancer screening, determining the long-term consequences of cancer care for survivors and improving the quality and safety of surgery. She has published over 130 peer reviewed articles and has extensive experience in the use of large administrative data and cancer registry data from both Canada and the United States. She was awarded the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Institute of Health Services and Policy Research Article of the Year (2015).

Recent Publications

  1. Simpson, AN, Garbens, A, Dossa, F, Coyte, PC, Baxter, NN, McDermott, CD et al.. A Cost-Utility Analysis of Nonsurgical Treatments for Stress Urinary Incontinence in Women. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2017; :. doi: 10.1097/SPV.0000000000000502. PubMed PMID:29049052 .
  2. Catomeris, P, Baxter, NN, Boss, SC, Paszat, LF, Rabeneck, L, Randell, E et al.. Effect of Temperature and Time on Fecal Hemoglobin Stability in 5 Fecal Immunochemical Test Methods and One Guaiac Method. Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. 2017; :. doi: 10.5858/arpa.2016-0294-OA. PubMed PMID:28967803 .
  3. Acuna, SA, Huang, JW, Dossa, F, Shah, PS, Kim, SJ, Baxter, NN et al.. Cancer recurrence after solid organ transplantation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Transplant Rev (Orlando). 2017; :. doi: 10.1016/j.trre.2017.08.003. PubMed PMID:28867291 .
  4. James, PD, Rabeneck, L, Yun, L, Paszat, L, Baxter, NN, Govindarajan, A et al.. Repeated faecal occult blood testing is associated with decreased advanced colorectal cancer risk: A population-based study. J Med Screen. 2017; :969141317718860. doi: 10.1177/0969141317718860. PubMed PMID:28862521 .
  5. Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. Watch-and-wait approach for rectal cancer: concepts of a subject-specific method - Authors' reply. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017;2 (9):627-628. doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(17)30220-0. PubMed PMID:28786382 .
  6. Gupta, S, Nathan, PC, Baxter, NN, Lau, C, Daly, C, Pole, JD et al.. Validity of Administrative Data in Identifying Cancer-related Events in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Population-based Study Using the IMPACT Cohort. Med Care. 2017; :. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000777. PubMed PMID:28731893 .
  7. Paszat, L, Sutradhar, R, Liu, Y, Baxter, NN, Tinmouth, J, Rabeneck, L et al.. Risk of colorectal cancer among immigrants to Ontario, Canada. BMC Gastroenterol. 2017;17 (1):85. doi: 10.1186/s12876-017-0642-5. PubMed PMID:28683721 PubMed Central PMC5500923.
  8. Bendzsak, AM, Baxter, NN, Darling, GE, Austin, PC, Urbach, DR. Regionalization and Outcomes of Lung Cancer Surgery in Ontario, Canada. J. Clin. Oncol. 2017;35 (24):2772-2780. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2016.69.8076. PubMed PMID:28682689 .
  9. Acuna, SA, Chesney, TR, Baxter, NN. Pathologic Outcomes of Laparoscopic vs Open Mesorectal Excision for Rectal Cancer. JAMA Surg. 2017;152 (10):986-987. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2017.1724. PubMed PMID:28658479 .
  10. Dossa, F, Chesney, TR, Acuna, SA, Baxter, NN. A watch-and-wait approach for locally advanced rectal cancer after a clinical complete response following neoadjuvant chemoradiation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017;2 (7):501-513. doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(17)30074-2. PubMed PMID:28479372 .
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Surgeon and Division Chief, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Professor, Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto
  • Senior Scientist, Cancer Theme Group, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
  • Full Member, Institute of Medical Science