Prabhat Jha

Officer, Order of Canada; D.Phil., MD

Director, Centre for Global Health Research

Biography

I am the lead investigator of the Million Death Study in India which quantifies the causes of premature mortality in more than one million homes from 1997-2014 including the contribution of key risk factors such as tobacco, alcohol and diet. In addition to authoring several influential publications on tobacco control, including two that helped enable a global treaty on tobacco control, now signed by over 160 countries. I am also a Series Editor for Disease Control Priorities 3, which examines solutions to major global health challenges and a Senior Editor of eLife. My research publishes widely on cause of death statistics, disease control, tobacco control and economics.

Recent Publications

  1. Menon, GR, Singh, L, Sharma, P, Yadav, P, Sharma, S, Kalaskar, S et al.. National Burden Estimates of healthy life lost in India, 2017: an analysis using direct mortality data and indirect disability data. Lancet Glob Health. 2019;7 (12):e1675-e1684. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30451-6. PubMed PMID:31708148 .
  2. Jha, P. Smoking cessation and e-cigarettes in China and India. BMJ. 2019;367 :l6016. doi: 10.1136/bmj.l6016. PubMed PMID:31628101 .
  3. Farrar, DS, Awasthi, S, Fadel, SA, Kumar, R, Sinha, A, Fu, SH et al.. Seasonal variation and etiologic inferences of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea mortality in India. Elife. 2019;8 :. doi: 10.7554/eLife.46202. PubMed PMID:31453804 PubMed Central PMC6759316.
  4. Jeblee, S, Gomes, M, Jha, P, Rudzicz, F, Hirst, G. Automatically determining cause of death from verbal autopsy narratives. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2019;19 (1):127. doi: 10.1186/s12911-019-0841-9. PubMed PMID:31288814 PubMed Central PMC6617656.
  5. Jha, P, Kumar, D, Dikshit, R, Budukh, A, Begum, R, Sati, P et al.. Automated versus physician assignment of cause of death for verbal autopsies: randomized trial of 9374 deaths in 117 villages in India. BMC Med. 2019;17 (1):116. doi: 10.1186/s12916-019-1353-2. PubMed PMID:31242925 PubMed Central PMC6595581.
  6. Murtaza, SS, Kolpak, P, Bener, A, Jha, P. Automated verbal autopsy classification: using one-against-all ensemble method and Naïve Bayes classifier. Gates Open Res. 2018;2 :63. doi: 10.12688/gatesopenres.12891.2. PubMed PMID:31131367 PubMed Central PMC6480413.
  7. Dare, AJ, Irving, H, Guerrero-López, CM, Watson, LK, Kolpak, P, Reynales Shigematsu, LM et al.. Geospatial, racial, and educational variation in firearm mortality in the USA, Mexico, Brazil, and Colombia, 1990-2015: a comparative analysis of vital statistics data. Lancet Public Health. 2019;4 (6):e281-e290. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30018-0. PubMed PMID:31126800 .
  8. Liu, L, Chu, Y, Oza, S, Hogan, D, Perin, J, Bassani, DG et al.. National, regional, and state-level all-cause and cause-specific under-5 mortality in India in 2000-15: a systematic analysis with implications for the Sustainable Development Goals. Lancet Glob Health. 2019;7 (6):e721-e734. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30080-4. PubMed PMID:31097276 PubMed Central PMC6527517.
  9. Jha, P. The Future of Disease Control Priorities Comment on "Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Is Published: A Theory of Change Is Needed for Translating Evidence to Health Policy". Int J Health Policy Manag. 2019;8 (3):177-180. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2018.119. PubMed PMID:30980634 PubMed Central PMC6462200.
  10. Fadel, SA, Boschi-Pinto, C, Yu, S, Reynales-Shigematsu, LM, Menon, GR, Newcombe, L et al.. Trends in cause-specific mortality among children aged 5-14 years from 2005 to 2016 in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico: an analysis of nationally representative mortality studies. Lancet. 2019;393 (10176):1119-1127. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30220-X. PubMed PMID:30876707 PubMed Central PMC6418656.
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Scientist, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Professor, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto
  • Endowed Chair in Disease Control, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto
  • Research Chair, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto
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