Helpful Definitions

What is a Trauma Center?

Just like your typical emergency room, a trauma center is located within a hospital, in the emergency department. A trauma center is equipped to deal with severe and more life-threatening conditions, and the staff are highly trained in traumatic injuries. These injuries could include stabs or gunshot wounds, major burns, severe falls, brain injuries, traumatic car crash injuries and more. St. Michael’s Hospital is a Level I Trauma Centre, which means that we provide total care for all aspects of an injury.

Adapted from the Dallas Medical Centre 

What is an Emergency Room?

Emergency rooms are where you go for emergency assistance. An emergency room is equipped with nurses and doctors who are trained to deal with a variety of issues such as signs of a heart attack, fainting, or possible broken limbs. You would go to an emergency room if you experience of have broken bones, fainting, a heart attack or stroke, minor burns, stomach issues and more.

Adapted from the Dallas Medical Centre 

EDI Resources

We have compiled an inventory of EDI resources that may be helpful for researchers. This inventory will be updated regularly. If you know of additional helpful EDI resources that are not listed here, please contact

Unconscious Bias (or implicit bias) refers to the influence of prejudice or unsupported assumptions against social groups such as women, racialized persons, Indigenous peoples, people with disabilities, and/ or members of LGBTQ2+ communities. Patterns of bias contribute to discrimination and underrepresentation in particular fields, or in particular stages of careers. Bias can have an impact on hiring committees or research teams, and can contribute to healthcare disparities.

The following list summarizes some of the federal government’s most common resources to guide both early career and established scientists with applying EDI considerations when developing their research programs and writing grant applications.

The following resources provide EDI guidelines and best practices for peer reviewers.

These are examples of resources for researchers working in partnerships with Indigenous communities or applying Indigenous concepts in their research programs.

To produce robust and useful findings, it is critical to integrate considerations of sex and gender in health research studies. Gender-Based Analysis Plus (GBA+) is an analytical process used to assess how diverse groups of women, men and non-binary people may experience policies, programs and initiatives. The “plus” in GBA+ acknowledges that GBA goes beyond biological (sex) and socio-cultural (gender) differences.

Many applications require an institutional letter of support and/or a description of the research environment. To assist, we developed a Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute (LKSKI) Priorities and Resources document summarizing the research priorities of LKSKI and the resources available to our investigators to support their research programs. We also designed a general outline of an institutional letter of support; however, these are only meant to be a guide and can be expanded upon or altered as required for individual applications.

Note: the above documents (except CIHR guide below) are for Internal Use Only and accessible through the intranet. Click Here for a step-by-step guide on how to externally access internal documents.