Fahad Razak




I am an internist and epidemiologist, with specialization in observational methods, ‘big data’ projects, and global health. I often collaborate with researchers across many disciplines, such as geographers, economists, and computer-scientists on research areas that require diverse expertise.

My work is primarily on the General Medicine Inpatient Initiative (GEMINI) a data driven quality improvement and research network for all general medicine hospital patients in Ontario. I am Co-Principal Investigator (Co-PI) with Amol Verma (University of Toronto) on GEMINI, and we work closely with physicians and health care leaders across the province. GEMINI has developed infrastructure to extract and standardize electronic clinical data from hospital IT systems (laboratory data, radiology, admission-discharge-transfer, etc.) at 7 large hospital sites and is expanding to include many more hospitals in the next 3 years. We are harnessing this ‘big data’ for diverse research applications and to form the ‘backbone’ of a quality improvement network.

Other Affiliations

  • Internist and Clinician Scientist, St Michael’s Hospital,
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto
  • Research Scientist, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute
  • Visiting Scientist, Harvard Centre for Population and Development Studies

Please note: Dr. Razak is not taking any summer students.

Recent Publications

  1. Verma, AA, Hora, T, Jung, HY, Fralick, M, Malecki, SL, Lapointe-Shaw, L et al.. Characteristics and outcomes of hospital admissions for COVID-19 and influenza in the Toronto area. CMAJ. 2021; :. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.202795. PubMed PMID:33568436 .
  2. Fralick, M, Redelmeier, DA, Patorno, E, Franklin, JM, Razak, F, Gomes, T et al.. Identifying Risk Factors for Diabetic Ketoacidosis Associated with SGLT2 Inhibitors: a Nationwide Cohort Study in the USA. J Gen Intern Med. 2021; :. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06561-z. PubMed PMID:33564942 .
  3. Kumachev, A, Verma, AA, Jung, HY, MacFadden, DR, Razak, F, GEMINI Investigators et al.. Delayed antibiotic tailoring on weekends in methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia: a multicentre retrospective cohort study. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2021; :. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2020.12.008. PubMed PMID:33359538 .
  4. Munshi, L, Evans, G, Razak, F. The case for relaxing no-visitor policies in hospitals during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. CMAJ. 2020; :. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.202636. PubMed PMID:33355198 .
  5. Verma, AA, Pasricha, SV, Jung, HY, Kushnir, V, Mak, DYF, Koppula, R et al.. Assessing the quality of clinical and administrative data extracted from hospitals: the General Medicine Inpatient Initiative (GEMINI) experience. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2020; :. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocaa225. PubMed PMID:33164061 .
  6. Razak, F, Shin, S, Pogacar, F, Jung, HY, Pus, L, Moser, A et al.. Modelling resource requirements and physician staffing to provide virtual urgent medical care for residents of long-term care homes: a cross-sectional study. CMAJ Open. ;8 (3):E514-E521. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20200098. PubMed PMID:32819964 PubMed Central PMC7850232.
  7. Syed, MH, Salata, K, Hussain, MA, Zamzam, A, de Mestral, C, Wheatcroft, M et al.. The economic burden of inpatient diabetic foot ulcers in Toronto, Canada. Vascular. 2020;28 (5):520-529. doi: 10.1177/1708538120923420. PubMed PMID:32379584 .
  8. Verma, AA, Guo, Y, Jung, HY, Laupacis, A, Mamdani, M, Detsky, AS et al.. Physician-level variation in clinical outcomes and resource use in inpatient general internal medicine: an observational study. BMJ Qual Saf. 2021;30 (2):123-132. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2019-010425. PubMed PMID:32220936 .
  9. Verma, AA, Kumachev, A, Shah, S, Guo, Y, Jung, HY, Rawal, S et al.. Appropriateness of peripherally inserted central catheter use among general medical inpatients: an observational study using routinely collected data. BMJ Qual Saf. 2020;29 (11):905-911. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2019-010463. PubMed PMID:32152091 .
  10. Malecki, SL, Quinn, KL, Zilbert, N, Razak, F, Ginsburg, S, Verma, AA et al.. Understanding the Use and Perceived Impact of a Medical Podcast: Qualitative Study. JMIR Med Educ. 2019;5 (2):e12901. doi: 10.2196/12901. PubMed PMID:31538949 PubMed Central PMC6754688.
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Internist, Division of General Internal Medicine, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto
  • Visiting Scientist, Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard University