Nancy Baxter


Affiliate Scientist


Dr. Nancy Baxter is a clinical epidemiologist, colorectal surgeon and health services researcher.  She holds the positions of scientist in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital and Professor of Surgery at the University of Toronto. She is Head of the Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences at the University of Melbourne. She is also Full Professor in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHMPE). Dr. Baxter is a Full Member of both the Institute of Medical Sciences (IMS) and School of Graduate Studies (SGS). She holds a Senior Scientist role in the Cancer Theme Group at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.

Her main research interests are in the evaluation of patterns of cancer care, the evaluation of cancer screening, determining the long-term consequences of cancer care for survivors and improving the quality and safety of surgery. She has published over 250 peer reviewed articles and has extensive experience in the use of large administrative data and cancer registry data from both Canada and the United States.

Please note: Dr. Baxter is currently not accepting students.

Recent Publications

  1. Simpson, AN, Snelgrove, JW, Sutradhar, R, Everett, K, Liu, N, Baxter, NN et al.. Perinatal Outcomes During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Ontario, Canada. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4 (5):e2110104. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.10104. PubMed PMID:33978727 .
  2. Sue-Chue-Lam, C, Zhang, DD, Baxter, NN, Zywiel, MG, de Mestral, C. Hyaluronate Carboxymethylcellulose Sheets for the Prevention of Adhesive Complications: A Model-Based Cost-Utility Analysis. Colorectal Dis. 2021; :. doi: 10.1111/codi.15724. PubMed PMID:33973319 .
  3. Cusimano, MC, Baxter, NN, Sutradhar, R, McArthur, E, Ray, JG, Garg, AX et al.. Delay of Pregnancy Among Physicians vs Nonphysicians. JAMA Intern Med. 2021; :. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.1635. PubMed PMID:33938909 PubMed Central PMC8094034.
  4. Degeling, K, Baxter, NN, Emery, J, Jenkins, MA, Franchini, F, Gibbs, P et al.. An inverse stage-shift model to estimate the excess mortality and health economic impact of delayed access to cancer services due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol. 2021; :. doi: 10.1111/ajco.13505. PubMed PMID:33567163 PubMed Central PMC8014813.
  5. Gupta, S, Baxter, NN, Sutradhar, R, Pole, JD, Nagamuthu, C, Lau, C et al.. Adolescents and young adult acute myeloid leukemia outcomes at pediatric versus adult centers: A population-based study. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2021; :e28939. doi: 10.1002/pbc.28939. PubMed PMID:33559361 .
  6. Mocanu, V, Fathimani, K, Baxter, NN. Intersection of Race and Gender in Surgical Training-Reply. JAMA Surg. 2021;156 (5):499-500. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6951. PubMed PMID:33533882 .
  7. Sawka, AM, Ghai, S, Ihekire, O, Jones, JM, Gafni, A, Baxter, NN et al.. Decision-making in Surgery or Active Surveillance for Low Risk Papillary Thyroid Cancer During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Cancers (Basel). 2021;13 (3):. doi: 10.3390/cancers13030371. PubMed PMID:33498497 PubMed Central PMC7864172.
  8. Dossa, F, Megetto, O, Yakubu, M, Zhang, DDQ, Baxter, NN. Sedation practices for routine gastrointestinal endoscopy: a systematic review of recommendations. BMC Gastroenterol. 2021;21 (1):22. doi: 10.1186/s12876-020-01561-z. PubMed PMID:33413147 PubMed Central PMC7792218.
  9. Cusimano, MC, Moineddin, R, Chiu, M, Ferguson, SE, Aktar, S, Liu, N et al.. Practice variation in bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at benign abdominal hysterectomy: a population-based study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020; :. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2020.12.1206. PubMed PMID:33359174 .
  10. Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. Postcolonoscopy colorectal cancer: in defence of quality. Colorectal Dis. 2021;23 (4):1003-1004. doi: 10.1111/codi.15493. PubMed PMID:33319457 .
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Surgeon, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Professor, Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto
  • Senior Scientist, Cancer Theme Group, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
  • Full Member, Institute of Medical Science